Category July 1914

Austro-Hungarian Red Book: Count Berchtold to All Austro-Hungarian Missions, 28 July 1914 – Part I

On 28 July 1914, the Austro-Hungarian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Leopold Count Berchtold (pictured), sent a private telegram to all the Austro-Hungarian Missions. His telegram details the Serbian response to Austria-Hungary’s ultimatum, as well as the Austro-Hungarian cabinet’s reaction to it. The following is part I of that telegram. Count Berchtold to all the Austro-Hungarian […]

Austro-Hungarian Red Book: Count Berchtold to Count Szapary, 28 July 1914

On 28 July 1914, the Austro-Hungarian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Leopold Count Berchtold (pictured), sent a private telegram to the Austro-Hungarian Ambassador to Russia, Frigyes Count Szapary. In his telegram, Berchtold reminds Szapary that Austria-Hungary will not come to a negotiated settlement with Serbia despite Russian diplomatic overtures. Berchtold also describes his conversation with the […]

Austro-Hungarian Red Book: Count Szapary to Count Berchtold, 28 July 1914

On 28 July 1914, the Austro-Hungarian Ambassador to Russia, Frigyes Count Szapary (pictured), sent a coded and strictly confidential telegram to the Austro-Hungarian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Leopold Count Berchtold. In his telegram, Szapary recounts the meeting of the German Ambassador to Russia, Count Pourtalès, with the Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Sergei Sazonov. Count Szapary […]

The Forgotten Monarch: Franz Joseph and the Outbreak of the First World War

This is not a usual post for JulyCrisis1914. Usually, I focus on a primary source document, often diplomatic, detailing the events that led to the outbreak of the First World War in the summer of 1914. I try to be objective by presenting facts and context. However, if you feel you want more analysis on […]

Austro-Hungarian Red Book: Count Szapary to Count Berchtold, 28 July 1914

On 28 July 1914, the Austro-Hungarian Ambassador to Russia, Frigyes Count Szapary (pictured), sent a coded telegram to the Austro-Hungarian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Leopold Count Berchtold. In his telegram, Szapary describes Russian perceptions of the Austro-German alliance days before the outbreak of the First World War. Count Szapary to Count Berchtold. Petersburg, 28 July 1914. Cyphered. […]

Austro-Hungarian Red Book: Count Mensdorff to Count Berchtold, 28 July 1914

On 28 July 1914, the Austro-Hungarian Ambassador to the United Kingdom, Albert Count Mensdorff (pictured), sent a coded telegram to the Austro-Hungarian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Leopold Count Berchtold. In his telegram, Mensdorff discusses the Great Power conference proposed by British Foreign Secretary Sir Edward Grey. Count Mensdorff to Count Berchtold. London, 28 July 1914. […]

Austro-Hungarian Red Book: Count Mensdorff to Count Berchtold, 28 July 1914

On 28 July 1914, the Austro-Hungarian Ambassador to the United Kingdom, Albert Count Mensdorff (pictured), sent a coded telegram to the Austro-Hungarian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Leopold Count Berchtold. In his telegram, Mensdorff adds to his telegram of 27 July in which he described British fears of escalation of the Austro-Serbian conflict into a World […]

Austro-Hungarian Red Book: Count Berchtold to Count Mensdorff, 28 July 1914

On 28 July 1914, the Austro-Hungarian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Leopold Count Berchtold (pictured), sent a coded telegram to the Austro-Hungarian Ambassador to London, Albert von Mensdorff. In his telegram, Berchtold describes a meeting he had with the British Ambassador. The British proposal for a great power conference to mediate the Austro-Serb crisis was met with […]