Category Serbia

Austro-Hungarian Red Book: Count Berchtold sends a Circular Decree, 27 July 1914

On 27 July 1914, the Austro-Hungarian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Leopold Count Berchtold (pictured), sent a circular decree to Austro-Hungarian diplomatic missions throughout Europe. The decree details a communique sent to the press on Austro-Serb relations. Circular Decree. Vienna, 27 July 1914. Address: Count Szogyeny in Berlin, Count Szecsen in Paris, Count Szapary in Petersburg, […]

Austro-Hungarian Red Book: Count Berchtold to Emperor Franz Joseph, 27 July 1914

The following is JulyCrisis1914’s two hundredth post. For close to a year and a half, with a few documents every week, we have traced the development of the 1914 July Crisis as it happened. Today, with this two hundredth post, we examine one of the key documents of the July Crisis. Below is the approval […]

Austro-Hungarian Red Book: Count Szogyeny to Count Berchtold, 27 July 1914

On 27 July 1914, Laszlo Count Szogyeny, the Austro-Hungarian Ambassador to Germany (pictured), sent a coded private telegram to Leopold Count Berchtold, the Austro-Hungarian Minister of Foreign Affairs. In his telegram, Szogyeny asks Berchtold to send the Serbian answer to Austri-Hungary’s ultimatum to Berlin. Count Szogyeny to Count Berchtold. Berlin, 27 July 1914. Cyphered.—Private. Serbia. [The German Ambassador […]

Austro-Hungarian Red Book: Count Berchtold to the Austro-Hungarian Mission, 25 July 1914 – Part IV

On 25 July 1914, the Austro-Hungarian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Leopold Count Berchtold (pictured), circulated a memoir to all Austro-Hungarian diplomatic missions. The memoir formed the basis of Austria-Hungary’s view of Serbia, and the Dual Monarchy’s rational during the July Crisis. From the Austro-Hungarian perspective, it lists the different forms of Serbian aggression endured since […]

The Austro-Hungarian Red Book: the Serbian Reply to the Austro-Hungarian Ultimtum, 25 July 1914

On 25 July 1914, Austro-Hungarian officials received the answer to their 23 July ultimatum to Serbia. This is one of the key documents of the 1914 July Crisis. To my knowledge, this is the first time the Serbian response to the Austro-Hungarian ultimatum has been published on a blog in full. The Serbian Reply to […]

Austro-Hungarian Red Book: Circular Telegram to the Imperial and Royal Missions, 25 July 1914

On 25 July 1914, a message was sent from the Ballhausplatz, the seat of the Austro-Hungarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, to all of the Austro-Hungarian embassies, legations and missions overseas. It is one of the few telegrams sent during the 1914 July Crisis that is not coded. The telegram announces the breaking off of diplomatic […]

Austro-Hungarian Red Book: Baron Giesl to Count Berchtold, 24 July 1914

On 24 July 1914, the Austro-Hungarian Ambassador to Serbia Baron Wladimir Giesl (pictured) sent a coded telegram to the Austro-Hungarian Minister of Foreign Affairs Leopold Count Berchtold. In his telegram, Giesl updates Berchtold on the Serbian response to the Austro-Hungarian ultimatum. Baron von Giesl to Count Berchtold. Belgrade, 24 July 1914. Cyphered. Situation. According to […]

Austro-Hungarian Red Book: Baron Giesl to Count Berchtold, 23 July 1914

On 23 July 1914, the Austro-Hungarian Ambassador to Serbia Baron Wladimir Giesl (pictured) sent a coded telegram to the Austro-Hungarian Minister of Foreign Affairs Leopold Count Berchtold. In his telegram, Giesl, having previously confirmed the delivery of the Austro-Hungarian ultimatum to Serbia (see post), now describes it. This is one of the key documents of […]